Major forex pairs: Currency pair Wikipedia

understand the risks

A currency, more specifically, is money in any form when utilised in circulation, as a medium of exchange. This means that it can be used in financial transactions, including the buying of goods and services. AxiTrader Limited is amember of The Financial Commission, an international organization engaged in theresolution of disputes within the financial services industry in the Forex market. We recommend that you seek independent financial advice and ensure you fully understand the risks involved before trading.

understand the risks

The more often the currency is traded, the more money you may make trading it. Another 10% is taken by GBP and AUD, so the list isn’t very long. The value of the Hong Kong dollar is pegged to the US dollar in a unique system known as a linked exchanged rate. The Hong Kong dollar is allowed to fluctuate within a band of HK$7.75 to HK$7.85 to US$1, and traders can take advantage of any price movements within this band. The protests began a month or so before the data was collected, and so it is likely that they had an effect on the trading volume of USD/HKD.

Making your first forex trade

Find more details about all the forex currency pairs in our product schedule. The most traded pairs of currencies in the world are called the Majors. They constitute the largest share of the foreign exchange market, about 85%, and therefore they exhibit high market liquidity. From its inception in 1999 and as stipulated by the European Central Bank, the euro has first precedence as a base currency. Therefore, all currency pairs involving it should use it as their base, listed first. For example, the US dollar and euro exchange rate is identified as EUR/USD.

As the third most popular trading pair, the British pound and U.S. dollar pair represents the cost of a single British pound in U.S. dollars. The GBP/USD is responsible for around 11% of the overall forex market and is impacted by central banking activity in the U.S. and United Kingdom. Within a pair, there are two parts – the base currency and the quote currency. The base is the first currency in a pair, and it’s the currency the trader believes will rise or fall against the quote currency.

Geopolitical instability could mean that investors and traders lose confidence in a country’s ability to govern or expect that there will be difficult times ahead for the economy. This might mean that the currency stagnates or becomes too volatile to trade. GBP/USD has the pound as the base currency and the US dollar as the quote currency, meaning it shows how many dollars you’d need to spend to buy one pound. GBP/USD is colloquially called ‘cable’ on account of the deep-sea cables that used to transfer price information between London and New York. The foreign exchange, or Forex, is a decentralized marketplace for the trading of the world’s currencies.

  • As a result, traders often turn to CHF during times of increasing market volatility, but the Swiss franc will typically see less interest from traders during times of greater market stability.
  • Traders regularly buy and sell them in an open market with minimal impact on their own international exchange rates.
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  • For example, if the EUR/USD rate is 1.011, it takes $1.011 to buy €1.
  • Exotic currency pairs consist of one major currency and one currency from an emerging market .

These four major currency pairs are deliverable currencies and are part of the Group of Ten currency group. While these currencies contribute a significant amount of volume related to economic transactions, they are also some of the most heavily traded pairs for speculative purposes. The major pairs are the four most heavily traded currency pairs in the forex market.

What is currency trading?

The USD is the abbreviation for the U.S. dollar, the official currency of the United States of America and the world’s primary reserve currency.

  • This withdrawal created a lot of uncertainty surrounding the UK’s future economic prospects, which resulted in traders losing confidence in the pound.
  • CNH has usually not been as tightly controlled as CNY by the Chinese government, which means it can be more volatile.
  • The currency majors and minors are categorised by popularity and liquidity.
  • As the fourth-most-popular currency pair in the world, the AUD/USD represents how many U.S. dollars are needed to purchase a single Australian dollar.

In order to read currency pairs correctly, you should know what base currency and quote currency are. The base currency is the one that you trade against the second currency in the pair, which is called the quote currency or the counter currency. However, novice traders rarely choose this pair, as too many factors affect its rate. When trading GBP/JPY, speculators need to consider the state of the UK and EU economies (data on GDP, unemployment, inflation, industrial production, etc.), as well as Japan’s monetary policy.

FXOpen Forex Broker currency pairs are the most traded in the forex market because of their popularity and higher liquidity. The foreign exchange rate of currency pairs for traders is affected by the fluctuating strength of the currencies. The global and central banks provide these rates and update them in real-time. In summary, major forex pairs are the most frequently traded currency pairs within the forex market. If you are interested in opening a live or demo account to trade on the underlying price movements of our currency pairs, read our article with suggestions for the most traded currency pairs. Currency pairs are the national currencies from two countries coupled for trading on theforeign exchange marketplace.

money when trading

Because the time of day heavily influences how liquid a market is, and how much price movement it’s likely to see. Let’s calculate all the basic parameters a trader needs when trading a major currency pair using the EUR/USD as an example. The pairing of the euro and the British pound in the EUR/GBP pair is often seen as one of the most difficult pairs to make accurate price predictions for. This is because EUR and GBP have had a historical link given the proximity of the UK to Europe and the subsequent strong trade ties between these two economies. Exotic currency pairs basically refer to currency pairs in developing countries most of the time.

Exotic Currency Pairs

It also means that highly liquid instruments are generally more heavily traded. Below you will find information on the most popular currency pairs with the highest trading volumes. The foreign exchange market differs from other financial markets in that it has no physical location or central exchange. The whole market runs electronically, through a network of banks. The forex market is the most popular financial market, traded by individual retail traders, banks and businesses alike.

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High spreads – More capital might be required to trade exotics to compensate for the higher spreads. Less market forces – They usually have lower correlation with other financial instruments such as stocks and bonds, which can make them less affected by macroeconomics. Forex position trading is mostly driven by fundamental analysis and closely resembles traditional stock trading.

The US dollar, for example, has traditionally been seen as a safe-haven currency – so its price may rise during troubled times. Forex traders look to profit from fluctuations in the exchange rates of currency pairs. So, if you think that the US dollar is going to strengthen against the Japanese yen, you might buy EUR/USD to capitalize on the move. 70.23% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider.

The only limit to which currency pairs can be traded are the pairs and quantity offered by the trading platform individual traders choose. Learning and mastering any new skill takes significant time, hard work, and patience. Every trader’s strategy is different, and navigating the forex market successfully takes persistence and the ability to learn from one’s mistakes. Setting aside a few hours a day to learn more about currency pairs and forex trading can significantly boost your potential to earn.

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For EUR/USD, the euro is the base currency and the US dollar is the quote currency. While there are at least 8 major currencies in the world, there are only 7 major currency pairings that are traded on the foreign exchange market. This is because a major currency must involve the dollar as the base, or counter currency, in the trade – and of course, the dollar cannot be traded with itself (USD/USD).

In normal avatrade forex broker review conditions, there’s often between a 1-5 point spread between the bid and offer on major currency pairs and liquid cross rates. But when liquidity is low, this gap can widen and so more capital would be needed to cover your fees. This list includes low liquid cross rates, such as USD/SEK, USD/TRY, and NZD/SGD.

Trading the structure on NZD/USD forex pair [Video] – FXStreet

Trading the structure on NZD/USD forex pair .

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There are many cross-currency pairs, as they include all the pairs without the US dollar. Currency trading is the process of buying and selling currencies, often through the foreign exchange market , also known as Forex. These categories usually reflect the liquidity and volatility of the currency pairs. When considering the volatility of exotic currencies, it is significant to witness nations such as El Salvador shaking up the financial market by making Bitcoin legal tender.

USD/GBP. This currency pair sets the US dollar against the United Kingdom pound and is commonly referred to as the pound-dollar. On the left, the price of the EUR/USD is rising, which means the euro is appreciating versus the US dollar. On the right, the price is falling as the euro declines in value relative to the US dollar. Due to their commodity-based economies, trading volumes in the USD/CAD, AUD/USD, and NZD/USD will often exceed those in the USD/CHF, and sometimes the GBP/USD. Cory is an expert on stock, forex and futures price action trading strategies.

In addition, it can be easier to research economic events and trends as they tend to be covered daily by news outlets and talked about on social media. At certain times in history, this was the third most popular currency pair. Like Canada, Australia is a large exporter of commodities such as natural gas, coal, iron ore and agricultural products. International trade flows in these commodities leads to very strong liquidity in AUD/USD, however, it can also experience high levels of volatility.Click here to start trading CFDs on AUD/USD now.